This year the high temperatures have been advanced in the summer, and therefore we must be very attentive to the blows heat of our pets, as both dogs and cats are much more sensitive to heat than humans. Heat stroke occurs in dogs and cats subjected to high temperatures or to an on-significant physical effort, leading to an increase in the metabolic rate.
This phenomenon is in part due to the limited capacity on all the dogs to cool down, since it does not transpire through the skin as we do humans, but they do so through the sweat glands that are in the plantar, this surface is very small to eliminate excess body heat.
The elimination of this heat is mainly caused by a respiratory mechanism called “gasped” through which increases breathing rate and increases the surface of the tongue to best facilitate the removal of excess body temperature.
Can occur in any race but the brachycephalics how can be the Bulldog Boxer, etc, are the races predisposed as by default present a certain difficulty breathing in normal conditions and therefore do not tolerate extreme situations. The main causes are often excessive exposures to a heat source, either in summer when we leave our dog within a vehicle or in winter when we put our animal near the heating.
The main causes are often excessive exposures to a heat source, either in summer when we leave our dog within a vehicle or in winter when we put our animal near the heating. Obesity decreases heat loss by convection, the animals that suffer from cardio-respiratory pathologies worse regulate body temperature, so it will be more susceptible to heat stroke, together with the geriatric animals.
The temperature of the body reaches the 41-43 degrees. Because of this significant increase in temperature occurs the alteration of several internal organs such as: Kidney failure, brain edema, alteration of the coagulation cascade, etc.
Important symptoms: excessive, tachycardia, all type of bleeding, diarrhoea, depression, convulsions, coma and eventually can lead to the death of the animal. It is necessary to avoid leaving the dogs or cats inside the vehicles and with the windows open in situations of high environmental heat. In any case it is recommended that physical exercise in the hottest hours of the day, especially in races that we have called before and they are more predisposed.
If we suspect that there has been a heat stroke, there is to go as soon as possible to a veterinary centre, in parallel we can shower the dog with cold water to try to reduce the body temperature. The reduction of body temperature should never be sharp if not in a phased manner if we are to 41.5ºC We cannot go down to 38ºC since the consequences could be fatal.
Once the animal in the hospital will be to try to reduce this temperature in a progressive manner and administer appropriate medication, carrying out actions needed to restore the thermal equilibrium of the animal.
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