Last week, Dr. Vicenç Junyent explained some concepts on the ovariohysterectomy in female dogs and cats. Well, this week it is the turn to them, male dogs and cats. Dr. Mariano Naya, a member of the Surgery Service of the Catalonia Veterinary Hospital, provides us more information on the castration of the cats and dogs:

What is it?
The castration or orchiectomy is a surgical intervention that both testicles are removed (permanent and irreversible). The usual technique is the pre-scrotal, thereby preserving the testicular bag (scrotum) and remove both testicles with a single surgical access (a small wound). The objective is the reduction of testosterone (male sexual hormone) and the consequential behavioural and medical benefits.

What are the benefits?
Medical benefits are the reduction in the presentation of the majority of testicular hormone-dependent tumours, prostate and other. The benefits of behaviour (no less important) have to do with the reduction of the marking, decrease of aggressiveness, masturbation, or intra sexual mounting erratic and other derivatives of the frustration that produces the lack of sexual interaction. This lack of sexual natural interaction in some cases is clearly perceptible by the owners and in others it is more difficult to detect, given that causing other behavioural problems not related to sex.

At what age should think about neutering your pet?
We recommend the sterilization of the puppies between 5 and 8 months of age, although you can make throughout their life. The castration allows you to say with a high degree of certainty, that you will have a pet in its adult life more docile, interactive and balanced.

Should you have any consideration prior to surgery?
Like the vast majority of the interventions that require a general anaesthesia (and even though the surgical times are reduced), we propose to make a veterinary check-up and a blood tests.

How long does the postsurgery take?
We prescribe analgesics and basic care of the wound for 5-7 days after surgery in dogs and in the case of the cats normally the evolution and the healing are quick and may not need medication.

Are there non-surgcal methods of sterrilization?
There are non-surgical methods that also get decrease testosterone levels (sustained release implants), but are not permanent and are reserve for specific cases (patients who cannot undergo surgery).

For more information, leave your comments and Dr. Mariano Naya, or one of our veterinarians attend your request in a personalized way.